Americano. While other coffees are named Latte, Cappuccino, Cafe Mocha, and so on, why is this special coffee's name dedicated to Americans?
In the 1970's, during the World War II, American soldiers in Italy found the espresso to be overwhelming. What they did was brilliant, yet odd: they added water to espresso inventing what now we call Americano.
Long Black, the twin sibling of Americano.
So Americano is pouring water on top of espresso. What if someone puts espresso on top of hot water? Is it still Americano? Although technically it is the same thing, it looks very different and is called Long Black.
In European term, brewed coffee is called Americano. In Korea, where there was a coffee boom, the brewed coffee is also called Americano. This is due to lack of brewing machines in both regions, instead they have a bigger espresso machines with more espresso group heads.